King Charles III’s acknowledgment of colonial-era abuses in Kenya sparks mixed reactions as he pays homage to Kenyan World War II veterans.
King Charles III paid homage on Wednesday to Kenyan veterans of World World II, after acknowledging there was “no excuse” for colonial-era abuses during Britain’s rule of the East African country.
But his admission of colonial-era atrocities disappointed some Kenyans seeking a formal apology for Britain’s brutal crackdown on the nation’s fight for independence.
The 74-year-old monarch, who began a four-day state visit to Kenya with Queen Camilla on Tuesday, said the “wrongdoings of the past are a cause of the greatest sorrow and the deepest regret,” but stopped short of an apology.
“There were abhorrent and unjustifiable acts of violence committed against Kenyans as they waged… a painful struggle for independence and sovereignty. And for that, there can be no excuse,” he told a state banquet on Tuesday.
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“None of this can change the past but by addressing our history with honesty and openness, we can perhaps demonstrate the strength of our friendship today, and in so doing, we can I hope continue to build an ever-closer bond for the years ahead.”
The Kenya Human Rights Commission (KHRC), which had earlier urged Charles to “issue an unconditional and unequivocal public apology” for colonial abuses, dismissed his remarks as “nothing to write home about”.
“In no way did he acknowledge any of the grave concerns that we have raised,” KHRC programme adviser Martin Mavenjina told AFP.
“One would have expected an apology but the king has fallen short of apologising,” he said.
Charles is on his first tour of an African and Commonwealth nation since becoming king last year upon the death of his mother Queen Elizabeth II.
On Wednesday, Charles and Camilla visited a war cemetery in Nairobi to honour Africans who died for Britain in two world wars, laying a wreath in front of their graves before meeting Kenyan veterans, some in wheelchairs.
“I hope we can do something special for you,” Charles told one of the veterans as he handed out medals to the former soldiers, part of a British initiative to belatedly recognise the contribution of non-European forces to the war effort.
One veteran, Samweli Mburia, who said he was over 100 years old, told AFP he had originally received a medal during colonial rule but got rid of it because he “feared retribution” from independence fighters.
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“There were a lot of people who were not happy we… fought in the war,” said Mburia, who served in Egypt, Ethiopia and Myanmar.
On Tuesday, Charles and his host President William Ruto laid a wreath at the Tomb of the Unknown Warrior in Uhuru Gardens, a site steeped in Kenyan history.
It was there that Kenya’s independence was declared at midnight on December 12, 1963, on the site of a camp where British colonial authorities detained suspected Mau Mau guerrillas during the suppression of their 1952-1960 uprising.
The so-called “Emergency” period was one of the bloodiest insurgencies of the British empire and at least 10 000 people — mainly from the Kikuyu tribe — were killed, although some put the true figures much higher.
Tens of thousands more were rounded up and detained without trial in camps where reports of executions, torture and vicious beatings were common.
Ruto said the Emergency “intensified the worst excesses of colonial impunity,” and called the British response to Kenya’s quest for self-determination “monstrous in its cruelty”.
But he welcomed Charles’s “courage and readiness to shed light on uncomfortable truths”.
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Kenya is where the then princess Elizabeth learned in 1952 of the death of her father, King George VI, marking the start of her historic 70-year reign.
The royal programme in Nairobi and the port city of Mombasa is also focusing on efforts to tackle climate change, as well as support for creative arts, technology and youth.
On Wednesday, Charles visited a forest in Nairobi to honour the legacy of his late friend and Nobel Prize winner Wangari Maathai, meeting her daughter Wanjira Mathai as well as Kenyan marathon star Eliud Kipchoge.
– By: © Agence France-Presse