Archaeologists recently discovered an Etruscan temple in the ancient city of Volsci in what is now Italy. Researchers have estimated that the temple was constructed in the 5th and 6th centuries BC, and is roughly the same size as the nearby Tempio Grande, a building excavated in the 1950s.
“This duplication of monumental buildings in an Etruscan city is rare, and points to an exceptional find,” University of Mainz archaeologist Paul Pasica He told the University of Freiburgits communications office.
Archaeologist Mariachiara Franceschini, from the University of Freiburg, co-led the research team with Pasieka who discovered the temple while working on the Vulci Cityscape project. In the pre-Roman period, Volci was an important urban center and one of the twelve cities of the Etruscan Confederation. The project started in 2020 and focuses on settlements and urban structures in the city.
Last year, researchers discovered the first parts of the wall, made of a hard type of igneous rock formed from volcanic ash known as “tuff”. Prior to the discovery of the temple, information about the appearance and organization of the Etruscan cities was limited.
Franceschini said, “The intact layers of the temple offer us an insight into the more than a thousand years of development of one of the most important Etruscan cities.”
Scholars plan to study the various uses and architecture of the temple to gain more information about the religion of the Etruscans, the social structures in the ancient city of Volsci, and the lives of the townspeople.
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